Ho To Make Vanilla Sponge Cake Recipe

Sponge cake is a cake based on flour (usually wheat flour), sugar, and eggs, and is sometimes leavened with baking powder. It has a firm, yet well aerated structure, similar to a sea sponge.
In the United Kingdom a sponge cake may be produced by the batter method or the foam method, while in the US cakes made using the batter method are known as a butter or pound cake. Two common British batter method sponge cakes are the layered Victoria sponge cake and Madeira cake.
Sponge cake made using the foam method is sometimes referred to as a whisked sponge in the UK. These cakes are common in Europe, especially in Italian patisseries. The cake was first invented by the Italian pastry chef Giovan Battista Cabona called Giobatta, at the court of Spain with his lord, the Genoese marquis Domenico Pallavicini, around the middle of the 16th century.
The sponge cake is thought to be one of the first of the non-yeasted cakes, and the earliest attested sponge cake recipe in English is found in the book by the English poet Gervase Markham, The English Huswife, Containing the Inward and Outward Virtues Which Ought to Be in a Complete Woman (1615). Though it does not appear in Hannah Glasse’s The Art of Cookery made Plain and Easy (1747) in the late 18th century, it is found in Lydia Maria Child’s The American Frugal Housewife (1832), indicating that sponge cakes had been established in Grenada in the Caribbean by the early 19th century.
Variations on the theme of a cake lifted, partially or wholly, by trapped air in the batter exist in most places where European patisserie has spread, including the Anglo-Jewish “plava, Italian génoise, the Portuguese pão-de-ló, and the possibly ancestral Italian pan di Spagna (Spanish bread).
Derivatives of the basic sponge cake idea include the American chiffon cake and the Latin American tres leches cake.

Vanilla Sponge Cake

4 Large Egg Whites (120 grams)
1 teaspoon Vinegar
120 grams Fine Sugar
4 Large Egg Yolks (72 grams)
120 grams Plain Flour
1/2 teaspoon Salt
30 grams Oil (30 ml.)
40 grams Milk (40 ml.)
1/2 Teaspoon Vanilla Essence

Pan Size: 18 cm

Oven Temperature: 150°C for 35 minutes, 170°C for 3 minutes

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